Abraham Lincoln : The most influencing President of the US, The Civil War Hero of the US

Abraham Lincoln : The most influencing President of the US, The Civil War Hero of the US

Abraham Lincoln : The most influencing President of the US, The Civil War Hero of the US

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Abraham Lincoln

The most influencing President of the US, The Civil War Hero of the US

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Life span : 12 Feb 1809 → 15 Apr 1865 ( about 56 years)

16th President of USA.

Presidential span : 4 Mar 1861 → 15 Apr 1865 (7:22 morning) ( about 4 years).

Was assassinated on 14 Apr 1865 (Good Friday), at around 10 pm, at Ford’s Theater, Washington DC, shot on head by John Wilkes Booth (an actor & Confederate sympathiser).

Ranked one among the 3 greatest US Presidents, often as number 1. Other 2 being George Washington and Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Was a Lawyer (self-studied and passed the bar examination in 1836).

Was born in Hodgenville in the Kentucky state of the USA.

Spouse : Mary Todd Lincoln.

Children (4 sons) : Robert, Edward, Willie, Tad. Only Robert survived to maturity.

Father : Thomas Lincoln

Mother : Nancy Hanks Lincoln.

He had an elder sister, Sarah and a younger brother, Thomas.

At the age of 9, Abraham lost his mother Nancy. Then his elder sister Sarah took care of him and the entire family.

As a young man, Lincoln worked a variety of jobs including shopkeeper, surveyor, and postmaster. For a time, he even split firewood with an axe for a living.

He soon moved into politics and won a seat in the Illinois Legislature when he was 25.

Lincoln won the 1860 election and was inaugurated as president on 4 March of 1861. The southern states did not want Lincoln to be president. They did not agree with his policies. Before he was officially in office, they began to secede (leave the country). The first state to leave was South Carolina, but soon six more states (Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana and Texas ) followed and together they formed a new country called the “Confederacy” or “Confederate State of America”. This all happened after Lincoln won the election, but before he took the oath of office.

The Civil War began on April 12, 1861 at Fort Sumter in South Carolina just a month after Lincoln took office. Lincoln was determined to maintain the “Union” of the states. He called for an army from the northern states to defeat the south. What followed was a bloody war that lasted four years and cost the lives of 600,000 Americans. Lincoln faced all sorts of opposition during the war, but managed to hold the country together.

On January 1, 1863 Lincoln issued the historic “Emancipation Proclamation”. This was an order that freed the slaves in the Confederate States. Although not all the slaves were immediately set free, it paved the way for the 13th Amendment which would free all slaves in the United States a few years later.

Abraham Lincoln was largely self-educated. His formal schooling from several itinerant (travelling from place to place) teachers was intermittent, the aggregate of which may have amounted to less than a year. However, he was an avid reader and retained a lifelong interest in learning.

Franklin D. Roosevelt, preparing America for war, used the words of the Civil War president, Abraham Lincoln,  to clarify the threat posed by Germany and Japan. Americans asked, “What would Lincoln do?”

President Barack Obama named Abraham Lincoln as his favorite president and insisted on using Lincoln’s Bible for his swearing in of office at both his inaugurations.

The legendary motivational writer, Dael Carnegie, was very much favourite of Abraham Lincoln and mentioned him a number of times in his books.

Today, Lincoln is often remembered for a short speech he gave at Gettysburg on November 19, 1863. It’s called the “Gettysburg Address”. It was only a few minutes long, but is considered one of the great speeches in American history.

His “Gettysburg Address” ( on 19 Nov 1863) became an iconic endorsement of the principles of nationalism, republicanism, equal rights, liberty, and democracy.

In the history of US and also the World as a whole, Abraham Lincoln is remembered much for the struggle and hardship he faced due to Civil War in the US that broke out due to attempt of Lincoln to abolish slavery from the US. Northern and Southern US was divided on the decade-long debate over slavery. Lincoln took over his shoulder the task of keeping the country united over this debate and fought severely. At the time of Lincoln’s death by an assassin’s bullet, the Civil War was almost ending. The debate of slavery had been settled once and for all, a Historic event.

He is greatly remembered as the “Emancipator of the slaves” in the US and World history.

(Emancipation = the fact or process of being set free from legal, social, or political restrictions; liberation).

His nickname was “Honest Abe”. Also, “Illinois Rail-splitter”.

He was the tallest President of the US, 6 feet 4 inches.

He was the first Republican President.

He was the first US President with full beard on face.

He set up the National Banking System in the US, during Presidency.

He was known as a ‘gifted story-teller’ and liked to tell jokes.

He used to store things like letters, documents, etc inside his tall stove-piped hat.

He used to write poetry and known as the only Poet President of the US.

He was the first US President to be assassinated.

Abraham Lincoln was one of the most famous writers/orators in American history, known for pithy and insightful sayings like “A house divided against itself cannot stand” and “Four score and seven years ago” the opening phrase of the famous “Gettysburg Address”.

Almost all historians judge Lincoln as the greatest President in American history because of the way he exercised leadership during the Civil War and because of the impact of that leadership on the moral and political character of the nation. He conceived of his presidential role as unique under the Constitution in times of crisis. In the end, however, Lincoln is measured by his most lasting accomplishments: the preservation of the Union, the vindication of democracy, and the death of slavery—accomplishments achieved by acting “with malice towards none” in the pursuit of a more perfect and equal union.

 

Some of the important quotes by Abraham Lincoln :

Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a man’s character, give him power.

Most folks are about as happy as they make up their minds to be.

And in the end, it’s not the years in your life that count. It’s the life in your years.

A friend is the one who has the same enemies as you have.

Democracy is the Government of the people, by the people and for the people.

Am I not destroying my enemies when I make friends of them ?

Avoid popularity if you would have peace.

Common looking people are the best in the world, that is the reason the Lord makes so many of them.

If once you forfeit the confidence of your fellow citizens, you can never regain their respect and esteem.

Give me six hours to chop down a tree, and I will spend the first four sharpening the axe.

Always bear in mind that your own resolution to succeed is more important than any other.

 

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